http://www.celltherapyjournal.org/ar...029-2/abstract

Safety and tolerability of intrathecal delivery of autologous bone marrow nucleated cells in children with cerebral palsy: an open-label phase I trial

Abstract
Background aims
Cerebral palsy (CP) is related to severe perinatal hypoxia with permanent brain damage in nearly 50% of surviving preterm infants. Cell therapy is a potential therapeutic option for CP by several mechanisms, including immunomodulation through cytokine and growth factor secretion.

Methods
In this phase I open-label clinical trial, 18 pediatric patients with CP were included to assess the safety of autologous bone marrow–derived total nucleated cell (TNC) intrathecal and intravenous injection after stimulation with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor. Motor, cognitive, communication, personal-social and adaptive areas were evaluated at baseline and 1 and 6 months after the procedure through the use of the Battelle Developmental Inventory. Magnetic resonance imaging was performed at baseline and 6 months after therapy. This study was registered in ClinicaTrials.gov (NCT01019733).

Results
A median of 13.12 × 108 TNCs (range, 4.83–53.87) including 10.02 × 106 CD34+ cells (range, 1.02–29.9) in a volume of 7 mL (range, 4–10.5) was infused intrathecally. The remaining cells from the bone marrow aspirate were administered intravenously; 6.01 × 108 TNCs (range, 1.36–17.85), with 3.39 × 106 cells being CD34+. Early adverse effects included headache, vomiting, fever and stiff neck occurred in three patients. No serious complications were documented. An overall 4.7-month increase in developmental age according to the Battelle Developmental Inventory, including all areas of evaluation, was observed (±SD 2.63). No MRI changes at 6 months of follow-up were found.

Conclusions
Subarachnoid placement of autologous bone marrow–derived TNC in children with CP is a safe procedure. The results suggest a possible increase in neurological function.